The Navel Oranges

The Navel orange is the most popular of the oranges that is grown specifically to be consumed as fresh fruit. The California Navel can be traced back to the late 1700’s. After the “Gold Rush” in the mid-1800’s many people had ‘not stuck it rich’ but remained in California. The Citrus industry became the ‘other’ gold rush of California in the late 1800’s. By the early 1900’s citrus farmers realized the need for research to help them grow better oranges.


The Citrus Experiment Station and its Citrus Variety Collection were established in Riverside in the early 1900s to support the needs of the developing citrus industry in Southern California. Over the years, the world-renowned Citrus Experiment Station became the foundation of the Riverside campus of the University of California and has remained at the forefront of agricultural research, and especially citrus research.