(Citrus Sinesis)

 

The sweet orange is the most widely cultivated and consumed type of Citrusworld-wide. Sweet orange cultivars can becategorized into four distinct groups:

 

Common Orange – also known as ‘blond’ oranges in Europe and ‘round’ oranges in Florida. It is the most important of the sweet oranges with many varieties now in existence;

 

Navel Orange – the most popular orange grown for consumption as fresh fruit;

 

Blood Orange – contains a chemical property that gives a red pigmentation to the flesh;

 

Acidless Orange – is of minor importance worldwide commercially but significant in several regional areas.

Following is a list of some of the more well-known varieties. Their history and origins, unless otherwise noted, are from The Citrus Industry Vol 1 (1967) by RW Hodgson. Observations and notes are from the researchers at the UC Riverside Citrus Variety Collection.

The Sweet Oranges

Sour Oranges
Sour Oranges
Sour Oranges
Pummelos

Pummelos

Citrons

Citrons

Mandarins

Mandarins

Oranges

Oranges

Grapefruits

Grapefruits

Lemons

Lemons

Limes

Limes

Hybrids

Hybrids

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