(Citrus Sinesis)


The sweet orange is the most widely cultivated and consumed type of Citrusworld-wide. Sweet orange cultivars can becategorized into four distinct groups:


Common Orange – also known as ‘blond’ oranges in Europe and ‘round’ oranges in Florida. It is the most important of the sweet oranges with many varieties now in existence;


Navel Orange – the most popular orange grown for consumption as fresh fruit;


Blood Orange – contains a chemical property that gives a red pigmentation to the flesh;


Acidless Orange – is of minor importance worldwide commercially but significant in several regional areas.

Following is a list of some of the more well-known varieties. Their history and origins, unless otherwise noted, are from The Citrus Industry Vol 1 (1967) by RW Hodgson. Observations and notes are from the researchers at the UC Riverside Citrus Variety Collection.

The Sweet Oranges

Sour Oranges
Sour Oranges
Sour Oranges

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